Unity Temple (1905), Oak Park Illinois


Unity Temple (1905) is one of the earliest public buildings to be constructed of reinforced concrete poured in place into wooden molds. With a budget of $40,000, Wright’s design was constructed between 1906 and 1908 at an actual cost of approximately $60,000. The structure is composed of two basic cubes of concrete –the larger one, for religious services, is separated by an entrance foyer from the smaller Unity House, for secular activities of the congregation. In designing this great public space, Wright allowed the needs of the congregation to shape the structure, letting “the room inside be the architecture outside.” This structure has been designated by the American Institute of Architects as one of seventeen buildings designed by Wright to be retained as an example of his architectural contribution to American culture.

 
Location: 875 Lake St, Oak Park, IL 60302
Admission fee. Self-guided tours & pre-arranged group tours are available.

Also see: Seventeen Buildings Honored by the American Institute of Architects
 


Sources:
William Allin Storrer, The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright (1995), #96.
Thomas A. Heinz, Frank Lloyd Wright Field Guide (2005), p. 303.
“History,” Unity Temple Restoration Foundation (http://www.utrf.org/history/).